Urdu is part of the Indo-Aryan group, which is a subgroup of
Indo-Iranian Languages. The language itself is a hybrid of Turkish,
Persian, Pashto, Arabic, Sanskrit and Hindi. The biggest influences
are from the Turkish and Persian languages, followed by Arabic and
Sanskrit. Urdu is very similar to Hindustani (commonly referred to as
Hindi). Hindi has a greater Sanskrit influence as opposed to Urdu,
but Urdu and Hindi speakers can communicate easily with little effort.